Fish Explorer Logo
Texas
Texas Fishing FishExplorer.com
Texas Fishing
Login Usr:Psd:
Don't have an account? Register now...
 

spacer spacer
spacer

Texas Fish Species

Alligator Gar
American Eel
Atlantic Croaker
Atlantic Sharpnose Shark
Bigmouth Buffalo
Black Buffalo
Black Bullhead
Black Crappie
Black Drum
Blackstripe Topminnow
Blacktail Shiner
Blue Catfish
Blue Tilapia
Bluegill
Bowfin
Chain Pickerel
Channel Catfish
Common Carp
Flathead Catfish
Freshwater Drum
Gizzard Shad
Golden Shiner
Goldeye
Goldfish
Grass Carp
Gray Redhorse
Green Sunfish
Guadalupe Bass
Hybrid Striped Bass(wiper/palmetto)
Inland Silverside
Ladyfish
Lake Chubsucker
Largemouth Bass
Longear Sunfish
Longnose Gar
Longnose Sucker
Northern Pike
Orangespotted Sunfish
Paddlefish
Rainbow Trout
Red Drum
Red-bellied Pacu
Redbreast Sunfish
Redear Sunfish
Redfin Pickerel
Redspotted Sunfish
Rio Grande Cichlid
River Carpsucker
Rock Bass
Shortnose Gar
Smallmouth Bass
Smallmouth Buffalo
Spotted Bass
Spotted Gar
Spotted Sucker
Spotted Sunfish
Striped Bass
Striped Mullet
Suckermouth Catfish
Sunfish (Bream)
Threadfin Shad
Walleye
Warmouth
White Bass
White Crappie
Yellow Bass
Yellow Bullhead

View another fish:
FishExplorer Lakes with Smallmouth Bass
FishExplorer Rivers with Smallmouth Bass
Only lakes in the Fish Explorer database are included in this listing. Lakes we feature on this website are hyperlinked.
Smallmouth Bass
Ounce for ounce smallmouth are considered one of the toughest bass around.  These scrapers are typically greenish-bronze in color with dark vertical banding, rather than the horizontal band of largemouth bass. Their eye is frequently red, and the upper jaw never extends beyond the eye. Most smallmouths are in the 8-15 inch range. The world record is just shy of 12 pounds.
 
Smallmouth bass prefer large clear-water lakes, reservoirs, and cool, clear water streams with a gravel substrate.  Generally, they favor structures as rock outcrops, logs, treetops, and riprap, such as dam faces. However, they will occasionally form schools to chase pelagic baitfish.    
Preferred water temperature is 68-70 degrees.  Smallmouth feed primarily on small fishes, crayfishes, and insects.
 
Spawning usually occurs when water temperatures reach the low 60’s. Males build their nests in quiet water in moving water and gravel substrate in lakes or other hard surfaces. Once the eggs are laid and fertilized, like other bass, males guard the nest for a couple weeks or so until the eggs hatch and the fry leave the nest.  Smallmouth bass mature by age three or four, and can live upwards of 12 years. 
 
Smallmouth bass originally ranged north into Minnesota and southern Quebec, south to the Tennessee River in Alabama and west to eastern Oklahoma and southwestern Arkansas. Today there are few states, east or west of the Rocky Mountains, where populations have not become established. 

Smallmouth Bass in Texas

Description
The smallmouth bass is generally green with dark vertical bands rather than a horizontal band along the side. There are 13-15 soft rays in the dorsal fin, and the upper jaw never extends beyond the eye. Known maximum size in Texas exceeds 7.5 pounds. Micropterus is Greek meaning "small fin" [see Guadalupe bass for further explanation]. The species epithet dolomieu refers to the French mineralogist M. Dolomieu.

Life History
In small streams a fish's activity may be limited to just one stream pool or extend into several. Spawning occurs in the spring. When water temperatures approach 60°F males move into spawning areas. Nests are usually located near shore in lakes; downstream from boulders or some other obstruction that offers protection against strong current in streams. Mature females may contain 2000-15,000 golden yellow eggs. Males may spawn with several females on a single nest. On average each nest contains about 2,500 eggs, but nests may contain as many as 10,000 eggs. Eggs hatch in about 10 days if water temperatures are in the mid-50's (°F), but can hatch in 2-3 days if temperatures are in the mid-70's (°F). Males guard the nest from the time eggs are laid until fry begin to disperse, a period of up to a month. As in other black bass, fry begin to feed on zooplankton, switching to insect larvae and finally fish and crayfish as they grow.

Habitat
Smallmouth  bass prefer large clear-water lakes (greater than 100 acres, more than 30 feet deep) and cool streams with clear water and gravel substrate.

Courtesy of Texas Parks and Wildlife Department
Most Recent Smallmouth Bass Forum Posts
Texas bass? 12.17.13 by culinarypunk
Smallmouth Bass Articles, Blogs, & Podcasts
Blog: Free Fishing Tournaments at Elkhead and Ridgway 06.07.17 by Tom McInerney
Blog: Hump Days 10.18.16 by Neal Wilkinson
Blog: Gold Medal Bass 03.02.16 by Eric Allee
Blog: Gotta Love Smallies 09.17.15 by David Coulson
Blog: Fishing North Sterling 08.31.15 by David Coulson
Blog: Chasing Boils 07.31.15 by David Coulson
Blog: Filling Commitments 06.09.15 by David Coulson
Blog: Fifteen, But Who’s Counting? – Oh, I Am! 10.17.14 by David Coulson
Blog: Lov'n Fall 09.26.14 by David Coulson
Texas Smallmouth Bass Photos by Fish Explorer Members
by BioGuy - 14" caught on the south shoreline in tree cover. by BioGuy - Just long enough to be a keeper @ 14.1"  Caught on a jig near the island around the first river bend upriver from the lake.