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Texas Fish Species

Alligator Gar
American Eel
Atlantic Croaker
Atlantic Sharpnose Shark
Bigmouth Buffalo
Black Buffalo
Black Bullhead
Black Crappie
Black Drum
Blackstripe Topminnow
Blacktail Shiner
Blue Catfish
Blue Tilapia
Bluegill
Bowfin
Chain Pickerel
Channel Catfish
Common Carp
Creek Chubsucker
Flathead Catfish
Flathead Chub
Freshwater Drum
Gizzard Shad
Golden Shiner
Goldeye
Goldfish
Grass Carp
Gray Redhorse
Green Sunfish
Guadalupe Bass
Hybrid Striped Bass(wiper/palmetto)
Inland Silverside
Ladyfish
Lake Chubsucker
Largemouth Bass
Longear Sunfish
Longnose Gar
Longnose Sucker
Northern Pike
Orangespotted Sunfish
Paddlefish
Rainbow Trout
Red Drum
Red-bellied Pacu
Redbreast Sunfish
Redear Sunfish
Redfin Pickerel
Redspotted Sunfish
Rio Grande Cichlid
River Carpsucker
Rock Bass
Shortnose Gar
Smallmouth Bass
Smallmouth Buffalo
Spotted Bass
Spotted Gar
Spotted Sucker
Spotted Sunfish
Striped Bass
Striped Mullet
Suckermouth Catfish
Sunfish (Bream)
Threadfin Shad
Walleye
Warmouth
White Bass
White Crappie
Yellow Bass
Yellow Bullhead

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FishExplorer Lakes with Black Buffalo
FishExplorer Rivers with Black Buffalo
Only lakes in the Fish Explorer database are included in this listing. Lakes we feature on this website are hyperlinked.
Black Buffalo
Black Buffalo occur throughout the Mississippi, Ohio, Missouri rivers and adjoining drainages. They prefer larger rivers and flowing waters.  Buffalo are found in a variety of water conditions, and bottom types, provided current is present.

Black Buffalo have small mouths ending just below the snout.  Their bodies are more elongated than other buffalo, with the greatest depth being approximately one third the body length.  Color is typically a bluish-gray to dark brown along the back, fading to a lighter shade along the sides.  Bellies tend to a yellowish hue.  Buffalo can reach lengths approaching three feet and live over 20 years.

Spawning occurs April or May, lasting four or five days.  They typically match up two males to one female.  Being broadcast spawners they scatter their adhesive eggs over the bottom and provide no further parental care.  Eggs hatch in 24 to 36 hours. 
Their diet consists of plankton, insect larvae, and vegetation.  They also consume snails and other small mollusks, at times in large quantities.  In Arizona reservoirs, one main food item is the introduced Asiatic clam.

Black Buffalo in Texas

Description
Black buffalo resembles its cousin, the bigmouth buffalo, but has a smaller, nearly horizontal mouth and thicker lips. The front of the upper lip lies well below the lower margin of the eye, and the upper jaw is as long or longer than the eye's diameter. The body of a black buffalo is typically thicker than that of a smallmouth buffalo, but not as deep. Coloring is similar to the bigmouth buffalo, but usually a little darker. Ictiobus is Greek for "bull fish", while niger is Latin for "dark" or "black.
 
Life History
Like other buffalo species, the black buffalo appears to spawn in shallow water during spring. This species occurs more often in strong currents, which gives rise to its common name, "current buffalo." Adults may reach weights of 50 pounds.

Distribution
In Texas, scattered specimens have been found in the Rio Grande, Colorado, Brazos, Sabine, and Red River basins.
 
Other
Buffalo will sometimes take dough baits made with cottonseed meal, and when hooked, provide exceptional sport. Black buffalo are infrequently caught in Texas.
 
Courtesy of Texas Parks and Wildlife
Most Recent Black Buffalo Forum Posts
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Black Buffalo Articles, Blogs, & Podcasts
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Blog: Spring (Rebirth) New podcasts coming Soon! 04.11.12 by Tim Emery
Blog: It's your fault! 02.21.12 by Tim Emery
Blog: 4 Apps Every Angler With A Smartphone Should Use 02.09.12 by Joshua Christensen
Blog: Clouser Pattern Detailed - New Article 12.16.11 by Matt Snider
Blog: Become a pro 09.30.11 by Joshua Christensen
Texas Black Buffalo Photos by Fish Explorer Members
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